What is Land Development?
You may wonder about the process of land development and all the stages it involves. The trades include rough grading, wet utilities, dry utilities, street improvements, masonry walls, fencing, finish grading, flatwork and landscaping. The development of land is the process of converting raw land into construction ready property – It can be commercial, industrial or agricultural construction.
- Rough Grading
The first step in the land development process is rough grading. This is the stage when our team shapes, fills and clears the construction site. Our goal is to make sure we create flat and perfectly stable leveled pads. To achieve this we have to perform different approaches. Depending on the land we will have to do a mass excavation, over-excavation or even demolition.
- Wet Utilities
Then it is time to go underground with the wet utilities which includes the sewer mainline, pipes, basins and more. Sometimes storm drain is installed, this directs excess rain water away from your location and it sends them out into canals, seas, lakes or other bodies of water.
- Dry Utilities
After the wet utilities comes the dry utilities, these also go underground but they deal with electricity, gas and internet. These utilities consist of the installation of structures along with the conduit. The mainline is the joint trench that it is installed behind the curb. In the other hand, the crossings refer to the conduit that crosses the street
- Street Improvements
Street development consists of curb, gutter installation, paving and other concrete items such as catch basins and cross-gutters. Streets are very important because our team can’t start building a location without a street. Street pavement consists of three layers, subgrade, aggregate base and lastly asphalt concrete.
There are different types of walls: general sectional walls, block walls, perimeter walls, side p/l walls, spine walls, return walls, etc. Concrete Masonry Unit or CMU is the most common type of wall in land development. There are also retaining walls, these (as the name suggests) retain earth.
Sometimes alternative to building walls in building fences. Fencing is way cheaper than having a wall constructed and there are different types of fences as well. There are vinyl fences, wood or tube steel. These fences have different looks and prices, however you have to make sure that your city allows the construction of a particular type of fence.
- Finish Grading
We are almost done finishing with the land development process. During this step it is time for our team to prepare and clean out the building pads before construction begins. There are several steps of mobilization in the grading process, however it depends in each project and the land development company. Construction creates a lot of dirt, this is why it is important that you let the professionals handle your project.
During this process our team at RGV Land Development starts forming and pouring concrete for flatwork. Depending on your preference and the project’s design, we will start developing the driveway, walkways, porches, steps and patios. We do both commercial and industrial off-site and on-site flatwork. Our flatwork process is fast and efficient, first we will add moisture and compact your flatwork sub. Then we start setting up forms for the concrete to frame the areas of the flatwork using stakes and lumber. After that comes the pouring process. Our team carefully mixes, levels and smooths the concrete. The last step is up to you, it is called the finishing process. We can use different types of finishing methods, float finish, broom finish, exposed aggregate finish, and stamped concrete finish.
The last step in the land developing process is landscaping. Depending on your project, different services will be applied in regards to irrigation, planting and amenities. The irrigation system serves to distribute water throughout the planted areas in order to irrigate all your trees and plants!Planting includes trees, shrubs, ground cover and any other additional floral decorations you will like. Amenities are included for both commercial and industrial land development, these include: benches, trash cans, fountains, fire pits, etc.